Barkatiya Silsila

Barkatiya Silsila

 (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

This silsila of Sufism has its roots in the Bilgram ,a small town of U.P .The barkati Silsila is sub branch of [[Qadri]] Sufi Silsila of Baghdad .The name of this silsila came after the great saint of Marehra ,Shah Barkatullah, who was great grandson of Mir Abdul Jaleel Bilgrami.In the beginning, Shah Barkatullah followed the Chishti order of [[Sunni]] Mysticism in India. Later he went to Kalpi where Syed Shah Fadhlullah baptized him in Qadri order. From then onwards Shah Barkatullah adopted the Qadiri Silsila as his medium of baptism.

 Works of Founder of Silsila

He was a versatile poet in Braj and Persian. His collective works in Braj Bhasha entitled Pem Prakaas have been an inspiration for many scholars, both Hindu and Muslim, to obtain their doctorate on Shah Barkatullah. The Diwan-e-Ishqui is the collective work of Shah Barkatullah alias Ishqui Marehravi in Persian. He was also a great musician with extra ordinary expertise in sitar and Ragas. He was the principal link in the chain of Sufism in India. He ruled the spiritual horizon at a time when the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir was ruling the country from Delhi.

  Legacy of Barkati Silsila

He was a true secular seer having his disciples both among Hindus and Muslims. His spiritual lineage became known as Barkaati Silsila. Shah Barkatullah’s legacy was carried out by his noble son Shah Aley Muhammad. Since he was the eldest son of Shah Barkatullah, he was known as Sarkar-e-Kalan. Shah Aley Muhammad dedicated himself to meditation and Dhikr. His son, the third Qutub of Marehra, namely Syed Shah Hamza was a remarkable author who wrote many treatises on various Islamic Mystical subjects. His famous works are Kaashiful Astaar and Fassul Kalimaat. Shah Hamza’s son Syed Shah Aley Ahmad Achchey Miyan possessed a miraculous personality. He cured the ailing masses through his spiritual powers and became so popular that the town of Marehra came to be known as the Marehra of Achchey Miyan. The eldest brother of Shah Amir-e-Alam namely Syed Shah Aley Rasool Ahmadi was a spiritual doyen of high caliber. He embodied the dynamics of Chishti and Qadri order. He was followed by Hazrat Shah Abul Hussain Ahmad-e-Noori alias Miyan Sahab who was the last Qutub of Marehra dynasty. Thus the Dargah of Shah Barkatullah is a unique monastery where seven saints in the category of Qutub lay under one dome. The seat of Hazrat Noori Miyan was inherited by his cousin Syed Shah Mehdi Hasan Sahab who was very much revered by the rulers of princely states like the Nizam of Hyderabad, the Nawab of Farkhabad and the Nawab of Rampur State.

The Syed Miyan of Marehra was also an established Aalim and Mufti of his time. He obtained his post graduation degree in Islamic Studies from Ajmer and Lahore. His Fatwas were produced in the High Court of Bombay to settle the property disputes or Talaq issues. He was the community Qazi of the Bakr Qassab Jama’t in Mumbai and was their Imam as well.
He was the Sajjadah-Nasheen and Mutawalli of Dargah Shah Barkatullah in Marehra. He toured almost every part of the country and communicated to the masses the message of oneness and brotherhood. He authored three books namely, Muqaddas Khatoon, Nai Roshni and Faiz-e-tambih. The Syed Miyan was a versatile Urdu poet of high standard. He belonged to the famous lineage of Dagh Dehlavi through his poet uncle and the most favourite disciple of Dagh, named Hazrat Ahsan Marehravi. Syed Shah Aley Mustafa left his legacy to be handled by his only son Syed Shah Aley Rasool Hasnain Nazmi. He served the nation in various high grade capacities in different departments of the Union Government including All India Radio and Directorate General of Field Publicity. While serving in Shillong as Additional Director General, he opted for voluntary retirement in August 2002, five years before the date of superannuation. As an author Nazmi has got a remarkable record. He penned over 36 books in English, Urdu and Hindi covering different branches of Islamic Studies. Nazmi earned a name in writing poems in praise of the Holy Prophet and other great seers. He has published several compilations of his poems. The most remarkable contribution of Nazmi’s pen is the Hindi translation of the Holy Quran. He has also written an encyclopedic dictionary of the Glorious Quran covering first 2 ½ chapters of the Holy Book. This commentary in English entitled Nazm-e-Ilahi has been included in the curriculum of several Madarsa in UK and Malavi. He has also written a handbook for the field workers of Sunni Dawat-e-Islami Nazmi entitled ‘Islam the Religion Ultimate’. Besides, his books ‘Destination Paradise’, ‘Gateway to Heaven’, ‘The Great Beyond’ ‘The Way to Be’ are in regular circulation among Sunni circles. His Urdu book ‘Kya Aap Jante Hain’ is a wonderful book on Islamic knowledge and is included in the syllabus of many Islamic Madarsas all over India. The Hindi translation of the book is also available in the market. Nazmi, like his father, is the Sajjadah-Nasheen and Mutawalli of the Dargah Shah Barkatullah in Marehra. Nazmi is a multi-lingual man with a close access to Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Hindi, English, Gujarati, Sanskrit and Marathi languages. Nazmi has appointed his eldest son Syed Shah Sibtain Haider as his vice-regent and heir apparent to inherit the twin Gaddi of Nooriya and Amiriya order. Sibtain Miyan has graduated from the Arabic University Al-Jamiatul Ashrafia of Mubarakpur. He is an orator par excellence and is very popular among the Sunni youths. Like his grand father Syed Miyan, Sibtain Haider also tours various parts of the country enlightening the masses with the message of love and spiritual bliss. Sibtain Miyan believes in revolutionizing the thought process of the Sunni youths and make them responsible citizens of the Islamic cosmos. He lays stress on education especially technical education so that Muslim youth may compete others in almost all socio-political and cultural spheres. He has founded Jamia Aley Rasool (proposed multi-purpose seminary) in his native town Marehra with the sole objective of cultivating a crop of useful and competent Islamic scholars who could lead the community towards brighter horizons. Syed Sibtain Haider can be termed as the Lighthouse of Marehra, the ancient seat of seers and sires. 

 Famous Disciples of Barkati Silsila

In the year 1294 A.H., at the age of 22 years, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) became the Mureed (Disciple) of Imam-ul-Asfiya, Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasool Mahrerwi (radi Allahu anhu). Once Hadrat Mawlana Abdul Qaadir Badayouni (radi Allahu anhu) came to Bareilly Shareef. He invited A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) to go to Mahrera Shareef with him. Sayyiduna A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) accepted his invitation and they both set off to Mahrera Shareef. When they arrived at the station in Mahrera Shareef, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan  said, “I AM RECEIVING THE SCENT OF MY MURSHID.” When they reached the Khanqah-e-Barakaati and entered, Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasool (radi Allahu anhu) saw A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) and said, “COME IN. I HAVE BEEN AWAITING YOUR PRESENCE FOR A LONG TIME.” SAYYIDUNA SHAH AALE RASOOL (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) IMMEDIATELY MADE A’LA HADRAT Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) A MUREED AND BLESSED HIM WITH KHILAFAT AND I’JAZAT IN ALL THE SUFI SILSILAS. Thus, A’la Hadrat’s (radi Allahu anhu) Peer-o-Murshid (Spiritual Guide) was Hadrat Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasool (radi Allahu anhu)[[1]].

  • SAYYIDUNA SHAH AALE RASOOL (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) also baptized Syed Hussain Ashraf of Kichhochha in the Sufi order and conferred upon him his Khilafat in Qadri Silsila. Syed Hussain Ashraf was the last Khalifa of Shah Aley Rasool, popularly known as Khatimul Akabir, the last of the greats.
  • [[Mustafa Raza Khan]]: The Son of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Mualana Mustafa Raza Khan was also Mureed of Barkati Silsila.

‘His spiritual guide, Shaik Shah Abul Hussain Noori (1839-1906) (radi Allahu anhu), of Mahrehra Shareef (India) was a great Sufi and spiritual guide[[2]]’.

     Publications

  • Ahle Sunnat ki Awaz ,Annul Journal of Khan qah-e-Barkatiya
  • Siraj al-Awarif fi al-Wasaya wa al-Marif – HORIZONS OF PERFECTION ,The author of this book, Hadrat Sayyid Shah Abu al-Hussain Ahmad al-noori al-Husain (alaihir rahmah) belonged to the famous chain of mystics of Khanqah-e-Barkatiya of Marehra Sharif.

It has been translated into Urdu by Syed Ameen Mian Qaudri [[3]].

  • Kya Aap Jante Hain’: is a wonderful book on Islamic knowledge and is included in the syllabus of many Islamic Madarsas all over India.

  Organizations

The Syed Miyan was the Founder-President of the All India Sunni Jamiatul Ulema which enjoyed a principal position among the organizations for the religious, cultural and political welfare of Indian Muslims.

   Educational Institutons

This Khanqah has built many Madrsas and Modern Educational Institutions among Which the Chain of Al-Barkat Educational Institution is noteworthy[[4]].

      See Also

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